Coal Tit
Coal Tit

Scientific NamePeriparus ater
Breedingmid-April
Fledge Days16-19
Incubation Days14-16
Lifespan2 years
Number of Clutches1-2
Number of Eggs7-12
Size11.5cm
Weight8-10g
Wingspan17-21cm

Coal Tit Facts - Information About Coal Tit

Coal Tit - Periparus Ater


The Coal Tit is our smallest member of the Tit family. It is a fairly regular garden bird and will visit feeders and tables frequently. If you put Peanut feeders in the garden you’ll have a good chance of attracting one to your garden, especially if there are Pines or Spruce trees near by.

Identification:


Adult


  • The Coal Tit is not as well known as its cousins, the Blue and Great Tit, however these birds will venture to your garden.

  • Coal Tits are small birds 10cm, the smallest of the British Tits, it will visit garden feeders regularly throughout the year if kept stocked.

  • Coal Tits are busy, hyperactive little birds.

  • Sexes are alike.

  • Upperparts; tail and wings are a pale blue grey, (more grey than Great Tit & Blue Tit

  • Wing shows two white wingbars along with white tips to the tertial feathers.

  • The back and mantle is the same blue grey colour of the wings. The head is black and white and like Great Tit it has large white cheek patches.

  • The most important identification feature is the white nape patch on the back of the head, the rest of the head is black, including the chin.

  • The underparts are a lovely buffy thorn colour, sometimes looking salmon pink in bright sunshine.

  • The bill is black, longer than Blue’s and fragile looking, legs are dark grey, eye black.


  • Juvenile


  • Juveniles appear from the end of April onwards and look like a washed out adult.

  • The young birds lack the strong colours of the adult and look predominantly a washed dull buff.

  • The youngsters nape and cheek patches are buffy instead of white. Back and mantle are similar to adults but duller, wingbars are yellow/buff.

  • Bill and eyes are black, legs are dark.


  • Status and Distribution


    The Coal Tit is a very abundant breeding resident in the UK with around 600,000 pairs. The Coal Tit occurs in all counties throughout the UK and Ireland. Coal Tits will nest in manmade nest boxes, these should be placed 2-4 metres up and facing North/East. This will protect overheating from direct sunlight from and the rain that predominately comes from the West.

    Habitat/Food


    Coal Tits occur in all habitat types throughout the UK, however they do prefer conifers, pines, spruce woodlands, parks, gardens, farmland, hedgerows indeed any open country habitat with suitable scrub.
    In the garden Coal Tits love peanuts, insects, seed mixes, mealworms, suet and fat balls , they are not to fussy and will happily take whatever is on the bird table.

    Song/Call


    Coal Tits have a few call notes; most often is a buzzy, ‘tuu tee tuu e’ which is repeated.
    Song is a loud repeated trill, similar to Great Tits……’pitchoo pitchoo pitchoo pitchoo’

 

 

The following food is favoured by Coal Tit

Blue Tit Insect And Mealworm Mix

Blue Tit Insect And Mealworm Mix

12 27
Chopped Peanuts

Chopped Peanuts

12 8
Coconut Halves

Coconut Halves

22 39
Dried Mealworms

Dried Mealworms

42 93
Gourmet Blue Tit Fat Feast

Gourmet Blue Tit Fat Feast

3 25
Hi Energy No Mess Mix

Hi Energy No Mess Mix

24 39
Insect Fat Feast

Insect Fat Feast

10 40
Insect Peanut Cake

Insect Peanut Cake

6 13
Insect Suet Pellets

Insect Suet Pellets

52 166
Mealworm Fat Balls

Mealworm Fat Balls

51 165
Premium Peanuts

Premium Peanuts

24 32